At the First Meeting of Signatories to the Sharks MOU which was held in Bonn, Germany, 24-27 September 2012, Humane Society International Australia and Humane Society International USA signed onto the MOU as Cooperating Partners.
Both NGOs have been represented at every meeting where the MOU was discussed up to date. Throughout this time they have strongly advocated for the importance and the need for this MoU under the auspices of CMS. Whilst HSI Australia is disappointed that the MoU is not binding, they are continuing to actively engage in the ongoing process regarding this MOU.
In November 2011 HSI Australia and the CMS Secretariat had already signed a partnership agreement recognising shared targets, and establishing a framework for cooperation on the development and implementation of CMS Agreements, MoUs and Action Plans.